It is important to mentioned that Iraqi Constitution for (2005) has guaranteed the freedom of peaceful demonstration in a manner that did not disturb public order and morals, based on the provisions of article 38, stating that: “The government guarantees that public order and morals do not violate ‘the freedom of assembly and peaceful demonstration’ and is regulated by law”. These criteria are based on international standards stated in international conventions and certified by Iraqi government; that the legal protection of the right to peaceful assembly lies in article (21) of the Civil Rights Covenant and political (ICCPR).
The freedom to demonstrate is one of the highest forms of expression in line with international human rights standards, including: The Global Declaration of Human Rights 1948 IHRD and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) 1966. This kind of freedom will be achieved usually by gathering groups of individuals in a particular place which might be unintentionally organized or agreed upon to demands their rights. In most of the cases, demonstrations are happened unintentionally, however, there are also political, economic, religious, or ideological motives for gathering. The idea of gathering is to be peaceful and the authorities have to deal with the protesters in a civilized and civil ways.
Mass demonstrations in Iraq
In conjunction with the approval of the general budget for 2021