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تقرير منظمة كردستان لمراقبة حقوق الانسان حول وضع اللتظاهرات في العراق

Dec 2021

Demonstrations by protesters rejecting the election results

while security forces deployed in Baghdad and other provinces

Despite the change achieved by the anti-government protests that shook the country in 2019 at the level of the faces and parties of the political class that has ruled Iraq since the US invasion of Iraq in 2003. However, the Iraqi street reflects several demands of large crowds of demonstrators, some of whom challenge the election results and others condemn the bad conditions economic and infrastructure. While others from university, graduates and those who demand their appointment are protesting for their appointment. Where the protests revealed the extent of the deep frustration, particularly the displeased youth who resent the ruling political elite in the country and their strong desire for change. The protesters have the right to take to the streets to pressure the government for better living conditions. Unemployment rates are constantly rising in light of the increase in temporary employment opportunities or the private sector and other forms of precarious work.

Baghdad/December


In continuation to the series of protests and sit-ins that have continued since the announcement of the results of the parliamentary elections last October 2021, the masses of the rejectionist blocs continue (the masses of the Coordinating Framework parties, which includes all of the parties
participating in the electoral process for the early parliamentary elections that took place in October 2021, and includes the State of Law coalition, Asa’ib Ahl al-Haq, Rights Movement, Badr Movement, Wisdom Movement, Victory Coalition, and belonging to the popular crowd from some
of the aforementioned parties) for the election results by mobilizing and sit-in in front of the gates of the Green Zone, where thousands of masses of the blocs rejecting the results of the parliamentary elections demonstrated on Friday, January 17, 2021, while the gates of the Green
Zone demonstrated from the side of the gate The Ministry of Planning and from the side of the suspension bridge, where the demonstrators repeated their demands, stressing the necessity of


• Hand recounting in 20% of the electoral stations
• Hand recounting in all stations
• Annulling Election Results
• Retribution for the killers of the demonstrator (Abdul Latif Al-Khuildi) in the demonstrations


rejecting the elections have the right to take to the streets to pressure the government for better living conditions. Unemployment rates are constantly rising in light of the increase in temporary employment opportunities or the private sector and other forms of precarious work.
All of these demands are sequential to reach the result of canceling the early elections, as the first
requirement, which is to re-count and sort in 20% of the electoral stations suitable for recounting and comprehensive sorting, will be achieved to end with the cancellation of the elections in the event of significant fraud rates.

The assembly began on Friday (weigh with justice) in the vicinity of the Green Zone, after the podium was erected in front of Gate No. 1 near the Ministry of Planning gate, chanting against the caretaker government represented by Mr. Mustafa Al-Kazemi, Judge Head of the Electoral
Commission Jamil Adnan, and Mrs. Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert , Head of the United Nations
Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI), describing them as godfathers. The godfathers of forgery.
At 04:20 p.m., the demonstrators began attempts to bring down concrete barriers and making attempts to storm the Green Zone and demonstrate in front of the palace of the caretaker Prime
Minister, but the security forces represented by the Popular Mobilization Forces, which were in control of the security in the first blocking line in the Green Zone, prevented their attempt to storm the Green Zone .
The demonstration ended at around seven in the evening, when the protesters returned to their tents in front of the Ministry of Planning, where the number of tents ranges between 30-40 tents,
where the owners of the Husseini processions and the popular crowd provide logistical support to them. It is reported that the losing blocs in the elections submitted a lawsuit to challenge the election results before the Federal Supreme Court. The court considered the appeals submitted by
the losing blocs on December 22, 2021, where the decision was postponed until December26,
2020.

Figure1
A demonstration by a number of tribal sheikhs in the demonstrations

On January 24 2021, hundreds of demonstrators gathered, calling themselves (Weld Al-Shayeb, a metaphor for Abu Mahdi Al-Muhandis, the leader in the Popular Mobilization who was assassinated by an air strike by US forces). The demonstrators gathered in the Al-Firdaws Square area in Baghdad after attempts to raise a large mural of Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis on the second anniversary of his assassination. The demonstrators cut off Al-Saadoun Street, which extends from Kahramana Square in the Karrada area inside / Rusafa side to Tahrir Square, in Al-Bab Al-Sharqi / Al-Rusafa side, in addition to breaking into the building on which the mural was erected, trying to protect it from any removal, threatening to kill anyone who does this. Announcing this through chants, specifically to Al-Kazemi, where they wrote (We will cut off his ears and feet). After the protesting parties in Al-Firdaws Square communicated with the protesters in front of the gates of the Green Zone in this regard, i.e. removing the image of the deputy head of the Popular Mobilization. Authority from Al-Firdaws Square, the protesters responded to this news and gathered and burned the image of Al-Maliki,
as well as an attempt to storm the Green Zone.

On the other hand, some protesters from the public rejecting the election results and a group of the Popular Mobilization advanced at the green gates to bring down concrete barriers from the side of the suspension

bridge in the Karrada area inside \ Rusafa side and Gate No. 1 from the Ministry of Planning, trying to storm the Green Zone in denunciation attempts to remove the image. The demonstrators burned a picture of AlKazemi, the caretaker prime minister, in protest against the unfair decisions against them and the right of their symbols, as they describe them. The demonstrators were visited by the Baghdad police chief, assuring
the demonstrators that he had not received any instructions to remove the mural from its place. The demonstration ended in the late night of January 25, 2021, threatening any party trying to tamper with the sanctities and symbols of the Popular Mobilization, which was represented by the government’s response to visiting the police chief and telling them not to remove the mural.

Figure 2
Hundreds of demonstrators and the Popular Mobilization crowd gathered against the removal of pictures of Mahdi Al-Muhandis

Babylon/December
On the ninth of December, a number of teachers, teachers and lecturers of Babylon Education gathered, organized and coordinated by the public of teachers and teachers, with a number exceeding 100. The assembly began and ended in front of the education of Babylon. A person from Babylon was demanding the cancellation of the minister’s decision, which stipulates the termination of the assignment of the assistant director-general for technical affairs, Hussein Sahib Mahdi, after the arrival of a letter from the Minister of Education ordering the end of his assignment and the placement of a second person named Riyadh Shia AlAzzawi, because he came at the recommendation of an Islamic Party by recommending it to the minister from
someone close to the next candidate, but not with an official statement, but leaks from close associates of Azzawi to this place according to the statements and testimonies of the demonstrators. Hussein Sahib, deputy director general for technical affairs, spoke about the demonstration that came in condemnation and in support of the assistant director general and then went to the office of the Babylon Governorate to meet with the deputy
governor for administrative affairs and approached him regarding submitting a letter to the Minister of Education demanding the end of the ministerial order assigning Riyadh Al-Azzawi in charge of the post of assistant director general and keeping the assistant director Hussein Sahib. There was a response by the governorate to submit a letter to the ministry but so far the ministry has not taken any significant action
regarding the demands of the demonstrators

Figure 3
A gathering of teachers, teachers and lecturers of Babylon Education against the termination of the assignment of the Assistant
Director-General for Technical Affairs Hussein Sahib

The gathering was an open sit-in demonstration for lecturers with contracts in Babylon Governorate, where they came out raising slogans demanding that their salaries be transferred to the salary scale of contracts 315 because Resolution 315 contracts contain privileges for contracts that include all who have a daily and voluntary wage that turns into a contract and then proves after five years of completion Service in government departments was approved by Cabinet Resolution No. 315 of 2019 regarding procedures and contracts
The contract privileges for lecturers state:


1. Retirement guarantee
2. Having the right to withdraw advances
3. Salaries according to the certificate
4. Leaves similar to full staffing
5. Having the right to complete his studies
6. Having the right to training courses
7. Having the right to apply for plots of land in installments
8. Having the right to work in the private sector without conflicting with his tenure.
9- Priority in appointment to be permanent staff


After a statement by the Council of Ministers confirming that the authority to renew contracts, and that the matter is in the hands of education and finance to renew contracts, this statement provoked a wave of demonstrations today that extended from Baghdad to Basra, and then the Babylon Education Directorate was closed by Babylon lecturers and the complete closure of all directorates in the provinces was announced. A sit-in tent was erected in the middle of the road to Education Street and in front of the Education of Babylon, and demonstrating daily. The sit-in began on Tuesday at nine o’clock in the morning in front of the Education, where it was organized by the Coordinating Committee of the Babylon Lecturers, where a statement was announced in front of the Babylon Education, and many lecturers flocked with a march from the governorate office to education, demanding the renewal of contracts and transferring them to Resolution 315, like the rest of their peers from 315 contracts in government ministries The number of the sit-in lecturers exceeded the thousands of the sit-in lecturers in front of the Directorate of Education of Babylon, and the sit-in began from eight thirty. Nevertheless, the sit-in tent is still erected and continuous in front of the Babylon Education on 12/27 and so far, the sit-in is still open and has not ended. The assembly was a peaceful sit-in in front of the Babylon Education Directorate for the lecturers of Babylon, where they set up a sit-in tent in front of the Education Directorate to demand their transfer to 315 contracts and the renewal of their contracts. From the lecturers of Babylon to the Directorate of Education of Babylon, and they met with the Director of Education in Babylon, and they agreed to submit an official letter to the Minister of Education asking him to transfer them to Resolution 315, like the rest of their peers. In addition, there was no form of violence at all inside the sit-in

 

Figure 4
An open sit-in demonstration for lecturers with contracts in Babylon Governorate

Basra / December
On 16 December, hundreds of Basra Health Department employees demonstrated in front of the department's building in the center of Basra, to demand the payment of their overdue financial dues for several months. Where the demonstrators closed the gate of the Health Department, carrying flags and banners stating their demands for the payment of their overdue dues, like the rest of the Health Department employees. A number of demonstrators spoke to reporters of news agencies, newspapers and satellite channels about their demands, which included the payment of late financial dues. The demonstrators appealed to the local government, represented by the governor of Basra, to intervene quickly to end their suffering and achieve their demands, which they consider legitimate, as they are performing a dangerous humanitarian duty. During the demonstration, the governor's office contacted its supervisors and identified a coordinating committee between the governorate and the protesters. In the same context, Basra Governor Asaad Al-Eidani met with the committee that was elected by the protesters and listened to their demands and promised to end this file as soon as possible. The Director of the Basra Health Department, Abbas Khalaf Al-Tamimi, stated, "The allocation and liquidity required to pay the employees' dues in the Health Department have been obtained." It is also noteworthy that the Basra Health Department disbursed the financial dues of the employees immediately after meeting the governor.


Figure 5
Hundreds of Basra Health Department employees in front of the department building in central Basra to demand the late
payment of their financial dues

Dozens of graduates of engineering colleges from the residents of the districts and districts of northern Basra organized on Tuesday, December 21, a protest sit-in in front of the West Qurna oil field gate to demand their appointment in the field while carrying banners written in Arabic and
English. Engineers north of Basra demand the authorities to provide job opportunities. . A number of participants in the vigil stated, "Our stance today came as a result of marginalization by the relevant authorities in the employment office, knowing that we are graduates of engineering
colleges from areas close to the field, breaching their previous promises to appoint us to work in the fields near our districts." The protesters demanded that the Minister of Oil Ihsan Abdul-Jabbar employ them in investment companies operating in Majnoon and West Qurna 1,2. It is noteworthy that the protesters organized a previous sit-in to demand their appointment in these fields, as they live in the districts of Al-Sadiq, Al-Madina, Al-Qurna and Izz Al-Din Salim district, north of Basra, stressing that they will continue these sit-ups until their demands are met. There were a number of journalists, correspondents and media institutions that covered the demonstration, and the demonstration ended with the demonstrators' withdrawal without any response to their demands

Figure 6
A group of graduate engineers protested in front of the West Qurna oil field gate, demanding their appointment in the field

The President of the University of Maysan, Prof. Dr. Abdul Basit Mohsen Eyal, followed up on the demands made by the students of the second stage at the Faculty of Dentistry at the University of Maysan, which coincided with the beginning of the new academic year for students of the first
stage at a time when happiness flooded the hearts of everyone with the return of students to study seats after the Corona pandemic.
If the students demonstrated today, it is a right guaranteed by the Iraqi constitution and protected by law, and in all its details, it was the focus of the attention of the senior leaders in the university, where the President of the University of Maysan instructed to form a delegation from the university
consisting of (Dr. University notification) and immediately the delegation went to meet the students and listen to their demands and work to achieve them if they were in accordance with the powers granted to the universities, where the students’ demands were limited to the following:


1- Providing specialized teaching staff in the field of denture manufacturing.
2- Transferring some methodological materials from attendance to electronic.
3- Providing basic materials for laboratories.


A meeting was held for the university delegation with the students and in the presence of the Dean of the College of Dentistry (Dr. Yahya Abdel Ali) and the Associate Dean for Scientific Affairs (Dr. Taha Hassan Jassim). The students’ legal requests were discussed and delivered to the
President of the University of Maysan, who in turn instructed to achieve everything that is within the powers of the university and what contributes to overcoming obstacles in front of students and completing their academic career in accordance with “sober curricula and scientific laboratories,
as His Excellency instructed the completion of the laboratory of the College of Dentistry within two days, and equipping it with all medical supplies and devices, purchasing basic materials for the manufacture and orthodontics, and entering them for applied study, as of Tuesday,
corresponding to 12/21 /2021, as well as authorizing the College of Dentistry Council to discuss the request to convert the in-person material to electronic with the Council of Deans of Dental Colleges so that this does not affect their methodological studies, reduce the sobriety of the
educational process, or violate the instructions of the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, in addition to the approach of the Ministry of Higher Education and Research Scientific and Ministry of Health to approve the transfer or placement of holders of higher degrees (Masters and PhD) from specialists in dentistry and transfer them to the owners of the University of Maysan
- Faculty of Dentistry
Prof. Dr. Abdel Basset Mohsen Eyal
President of the University of Maysan
December 19, 2021

Figure 7
A number of students of the Faculty of Dentistry at the University of Maysan demand the provision of supplies

Dhi Qar/December
On the twenty-second of December in Dhi Qar, about twenty young demonstrators came out in the city of Nasiriyah and gathered at the intersection of the city to demand the dropping of malicious lawsuits against them brought by political parties affected by the damage they did not name,
according to what they claim because of the previous October demonstrations in Dhi Qar. While they threw stones at a group of Iraqi army personnel, which led to a clash between the two parties, where the soldiers close to them dispersed the demonstration with a gunshot wound, as a result of which three demonstrators were injured, left one of them in serious condition, and all of them were hospitalized at the same time. After that, dozens of other demonstrators gathered near Al-Zaytoun Bridge at twelve o'clock after hearing what happened to their colleagues, so they cut off all the vital bridges of Nasiriyah, including Al-Zaytoun Bridge, Al-Nasr Bridge and Al-Hadarat by burning tires on both sides of the bridges back and forth, which paralyzed the traffic in the city, especially as it the school time and staff working hours, and this led students and staff to cross
bridges on foot between the flames and thick clouds of smoke, while the streets were crowded with cars, and the people complained about what is happening because of the demonstrators, which disrupted interests and the spread of smoke in the sky of the city.

Figure8
Dozens of protesters, including three protesters, were shot, one of them seriously

Wasit / December
Dozens of demonstrators returned to stand in the Kut sit-in square, which is located on the Governorate Street in front of the Wasit Governorate Office building from the right and the former Provincial Council building from the left. The following two events were monitored:


1- On the evening of December 17, 2021, dozens of demonstrators gathered in front of the Wasit Governorate Office building (90 demonstrators) in a peaceful pause that was mobilized in advance through social networking sites. Al-Mayahi, who is affiliated with the Wisdom Movement headed by Ammar Al-Hakim, being the first responsible for uncovering the killers of the demonstrators in October 2019 and beyond. Acts of violence by both parties, and the event was monitored in the media and on television via Al-Iraqiya satellite channel and Al-Ahed channel, with the presence of a number of news agencies such as Al-Mirbad Agency, Zakros Agency and Wasit Al-Hadath, and later it was widely circulated by activists on social networking sites.


2- On the evening of December 23, 2021, the demonstrators returned to set up demonstration tents in front of the Wasit Governorate Office building, with a peaceful pause, with 40 demonstrators present, as a start to setting off the sit-in. As well as the publications that called for the demonstration, demanding the closure of the governorate’s office building and submitting their demands to the Prime Minister, as it is the party responsible for dismissing the governor after canceling the provincial councils that were the decision-maker in this matter according to the provincial councils’ law that is not organized in the region No. 21 of 2008, as amended. This topic is widely debated on social media between supporters and opponents of the impeachment.

Figure9
Dozens of demonstrators gathered to stand in the Kut sit-in square

On the eleventh of December, a sit-in was launched in the Al-Mazak area / Al-Ahrar district / Wasit governorate (40 demonstrators), or the so-called Fadak district, where the people of AlMazak demanded their share of the social benefits approved by the Ministry of Oil regarding the areas adjacent to the oil fields, which may be vulnerable due to toxic gases and multiple pollutants, where the people of Mazak demanded their shares of electricity, drinking water and public services in addition to jobs in these companies, the sit-in continued for three subsequent days and until the time of writing this report, where the sit-in began by closing the road linking the region and the center of the judiciary, which is a main road for the passage of workers’ vehicles in the oil fields located in the area, which caused obstruction to the traffic movement. The first assembly was
visited by the Mayor of the Liberal District, where the demonstrators spoke frankly about their legitimate demands and demanded a meeting session with the governor, as mentioned in the demonstration statement on 12/22 i.e. the next day which actually happened. Where the meeting
took place with the first decision-maker, Mr. Muhammad Jamil Al-Mayahi, the governor of Wasit from the Wisdom Movement headed by Ammar Al-Hakim, and the demonstrators transmitted their demands transparently. The people of Fadak district circulated this gathering through their
platforms on social media, and the media monitored this sit-in and transmitted it in reports on AlIraqiya channel Al-Kut TV and Radio Al-Kut FM, the security forces were present at the sit-in for the purpose of protecting the gathering. The phones were not confiscated or the internet was cut
off. One of the demonstrators, or what is called (Mustafa Al-Hajji), was seen monitoring the demonstration through his mobile phone

Dozens of people demonstrated in Al-Mazak for their share of the social benefits approved by the Ministry of Oil regarding the
areas adjacent to the oil fields

In the Kurdistan Region, during the twelfth month of 2021, dozens of peaceful demonstrations took place in the cities of Erbil, Sulaymaniyah, and Dohuk.


Sulaymaniyah - December


Dozens of professors and affiliates at Raparin University gathered in front of the university’s doors at ten o’clock in the morning and abstained from the official working hours and stopping the teaching classes at the university in protest of the delay in salaries and non-payment on time, the large number of official working hours and the lack of promotion in university positions since 2014 due to the economic crisis that it went through Territory. They called on the government, in light of the current economic improvement, to consider their demands and to return promotions in the career hierarchy and not to delay the payment of salaries. The gathering ended at twelve o'clock in the afternoon and without the presence of any government or official representative to listen to their demands, and a limited number of media attended to cover the event, and the gathering did not witness any presence of security forces. On the other hand, dozens of graduates of health departments and contract employees gathered for two days on December 17 and 18, 2021 in front of the headquarters of the Health Presidency of Halbaja to demand their permanent appointment to government owners. From the government, and they also added that during the past period they faced many risks during the wave of the Corona disease, and the least appreciation of their efforts is to appoint them permanently, and no official government official attended the gathering site to respond to the demands of the gathering, and a number of media attended the gathering site and covered it, but no presence was noticed Security force assembly site

Figure 11
Dozens of health department graduates and contract employees demonstrated in front of the Helbaja Health Presidency
Directorate building, demanding government appointment

Erbil - December
Dozens of Syrian refugees in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq gathered in front of the United Nations representation building in Erbil and raised banners and slogans demanding the rights of refugees in accordance with international treaties that guarantee their rights to study, naturalization and resettlement as a legitimate right. They demanded the United Nations representation in Erbil to pressure the Iraqi government by including them in the Iraqi naturalization law. Moreover, they called on the Iraqi government to consider their legitimate rights, that most of them have been in Iraq for more than ten years as refugees, and that they should not be victims of political issues.The event did not witness any presence of security forces.

Dozens of Syrian refugees demonstrated in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq in front of the United Nations representation building in Erbil

Dohuk - December
As a result of cutting the share of liquid gas from the owners of bread bakeries stores since 2017, the increase in the price of liquid gas in the market and the increase in the price of flour, the owners of bread bakeries were forced to gather in front of the mayor of the Dohuk district on 12/19/2021 to demand the government to provide them with liquid gas at a price (300) dinars per liter, because they are now getting it at a high price, and they demanded the government to fulfill its promises to supply them with liquid gas at a price of (300) per liter. , a representative of the crowd met with the mayor of the center district inside the building of the district district, and their demands were discussed.

A picture of a group of bakery owners in front of the mayor of the internal judiciary of Dohuk

The reasons for the demonstrations / the demands of the demonstrators


• Annulment of election results.
• Appealing the results of the investigative committees regarding the killing of protester Abdul
Latif Al-Khuwaildi on the fifth of October 2021 and the burning of the protester's tents.
• Demonstrations by a number of lecturers demanding their transfer on 315 contracts, similar to
the rest of the contracts of government ministries.
• Their demands for the second time) to amend paragraph (5) of Resolution (130) for the year 2021
of the Council of Ministers, which stipulates stopping appointments as contracts in the Ministry of
Education.
• Baghdad is protesting against the poor services and the deterioration of the electricity network in
their areas
• Demonstrations by a number of lecturers calling for their inclusion in Resolution "315" for the
year "2019", similar to the rest of the ministries.
• Dozens of graduates who are not lecturers gathered in Dhi Qar in front of the gate of the
Directorate of Education, demanding that they be appointed on contracts similar to their fellow
lecturers.
• Inclusion in work contracts in schools, similar to their fellow lecturers.
• Launching the functions of deletion and creation to be appointed as teachers and teachers.
• Physicians protested, demanding the payment of their financial allocations related to the danger
to them, which were equal to all other Iraqi provinces.
• Demonstrators demanded the Iraqi judiciary to punish the perpetrators of the assassination
crimes.
• The families of the martyrs of the White Army demanded that housing units be allocated to the
families of the martyrs of the White Army. (Affiliates of health staff who met their term during
the Corona pandemic).

• Inclusion in the job grades of first-degree martyrs.
• Demanding to activate Resolution (12) for the year 2021 of the Council of Ministers, which
guarantees their financial and administrative rights and counts their children as martyrs of duty.
• Protest of the demonstrators against the recent instructions of the Kurdistan Regional
Government regarding financial aid to students with limited income for a period of one year. The
boycotting students demanded the government to allocate grants and fixed monthly financial
allocations to all students and reject the government's recent instructions
• Demonstrators in the Kurdistan Region demand permanent government appointment to
government owners
The demonstrators demanded the regional government to provide them with liquid gas at a price
of (300) dinars per liter, and demand that the government fulfill its promises to supply them with
liquid gas at a price of (300) per liter.
• The demonstrators (dozens of Syrian refugees) demanded from the regional government and the
Iraqi government to deal with them in accordance with international treaties and agreements
regarding refugees. They also demanded the United Nations representation in Erbil to pressure the
Iraqi government to include them in the Iraqi naturalization law.


The reasons for the demonstrations / the demands of the demonstrators


• Appealing the results of the investigative committees and demonstrators calling for the annulment
of the election results.
• Thousands of supporters of blocs, rejecting the results of the parliamentary elections,
demonstrated.
• Demonstrators gathered in the Al-Firdaws Square area in Baghdad after attempts to raise a large
mural that had been erected for Abu Mahdi Al-Muhandis on the second anniversary of his
assassination.
• A number of teachers and lecturers of education in Babylon, organized and coordinated by the
public of teachers, called for the cancellation of the minister's decision, which stipulates the
termination of the assignment of the assistant director general for technical affairs, Hussein Sahib
Mahdi.
• A number of lecturers demonstrating in Babylon, demanding the transfer of their salaries on the
scale of contracts. 315
• Hundreds of Basra Health Department employees demonstrated in front of the department's
building in the center of Basra to demand the payment of their late financial dues for several
months.

• Dozens of graduates of engineering colleges from the residents of the districts and districts of
northern Basra stage a protest in front of the West Qurna oil field gate, demanding their
appointment in the field.
• An event for students of the second stage of the Faculty of Dentistry at the University of Maysan.
After the start of the academic year for stages (2,3,4,5), due to the lack of teaching supplies and
teaching staff.
• Dozens of demonstrators gathered in front of the Wasit Governorate Office building (90
demonstrators) in a peaceful pause that was mobilized in advance through social networking sites.
Its most prominent demands were the accountability of the killers of the demonstrators from Wasit
Governorate and the dismissal of Wasit Governor Muhammad Jamil Al-Mayahi
• Al-Mazak people demonstrated their share of the social benefits approved by the Ministry of Oil
regarding the areas adjacent to the oil fields, which may be exposed to toxic gases and multiple
pollutants.


The security authorities deal with gatherings


• Most of the governorates the assembly was completely peaceful and took place in a public area
and did not cause any impediment to the traffic movement or the movement of citizens, and no
acts of violence or danger or encroachment on public and private properties were seen. The event
was transmitted in the media through Al-Iraqiya, Al-Ahed, Wasit Al-Hadath Agency and Zakros
Activists shared it on social media.
• No acts of violence against peaceful demonstrators were documented or witnessed, and the
security forces that were close to the assembly were satisfied with monitoring the event and
protecting the peaceful assembly until its end / no force or repression was used against the
demonstrators.
• No arrests, detentions, penalties, or penalties were imposed on any of the peaceful vigils.
• In Dhi Qar, during the demonstration, some demonstrators threw stones at a group of Iraqi army
personnel, which led to a clash between the two parties. The soldiers close to them dispersed the
demonstration with a live bullet, which resulted in the injury of three demonstrators, one of whom
is in critical condition, and all of them were hospitalized at the same time. Other demonstrators
were wounded. Because of their pursuit between the alleys and streets in the city


Kurdistan organization for human right watch

www.KOHRW.org

Email: Reports@kohrw.org